In this review, we broadly define mental health problems as 1 psychological distress or symptoms related to anxiety, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD assessed through diagnostic tools or self-report questionnaires in quantitative studies; and 2 subjective experiences with psychological distress, coping mechanisms, emotional reactions to daily hassles, and help-seeking behaviors.
However, there are multiple reasons to examine Afghan refugees specifically. For example, it has been demonstrated that the terms single and double blind frequently used by researchers and widely accepted by readers as a key marker of validity of an RCT lack consistency in use and interpretation [ 1 — 3 ].
The blinding methods were classified according to whether they primarily 1 established blinding of patients or health care providers, 2 maintained the blinding of patients or health care providers, and 3 obtained blinding of assessors of the main outcomes. Search Strategy and Selection of Reports We identified reports of all RCTs published in in high impact-factor journals three highest impact factors for each subject category of the Journal Citation Reports [ 12 ], such as cardiac and cardiovascular system, respiratory system or rheumatology, and ten of the highest-impact general medical journals and indexed in Medline by searching PubMed http: Blinding is not well understood.
Psychological distress levels in Afghan refugees may parallel outcomes from studies with other refugee populations. We furthermore searched for reports on blinding indexed in the Cochrane Methodology Register http: Blinding is used in combination with randomization to limit the occurrence of conscious and unconscious bias in the conduct of clinical trials performance bias and interpretation of outcomes ascertainment bias.
Reviewers also identified and classified the primary outcome according to specific criteria used previously [ 13 ] as 1 a patient-reported outcome, whereby the patient is the outcome assessor e. Quantitative findings indicated moderate to high prevalence of depressive and posttraumatic symptomatology.
We used five databases to identify studies published between and that provided data on distress levels, and subjective experiences with distress.
The Afghan exodus represents the largest refugee population in modern history. Furthermore, obtaining blinded outcome assessment in clinical trials is difficult, for example, if patients are not blinded and could reveal their treatment to the outcome assessor.
Properly done, blinding should make sure the results of a trial are more accurate. Then, the researchers classified information from the published trial reports. Reviewers assessed the title, abstract, methods, and results sections.
Whether these problems are overcome depend in part on the quality and creativity of the blinding methods. Methods We systematically summarized and categorized the method of blinding patients, health care providers, and outcome assessors in RCTs of pharmacologic treatment published in in high impact-factor journals.
Much remains to be learned about their needs and the most effective ways to address them. We aimed to systematically classify and describe methods to establish and maintain blinding of patients and health care providers and methods to obtain blinding of outcome assessors in randomized controlled trials of pharmacologic treatments.Oct 31, · Methods of Blinding in Reports of Randomized Controlled Trials Assessing Pharmacologic Treatments: A Systematic Review We undertook a systematic review of all reports of randomized controlled trials assessing pharmacologic treatments with blinding published in in high impact-factor journals from Medline.
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A systematic reviewis the summarization of all evi. embodies a disciplined and systematic approach to thinking. It also encourages an attitude of critical when we write or speak, we are using language to express our thinking process. And when we read, we Thinking Critically uses an integrated approach to develop thinking and language abilities together.
Mental health problems disproportionately affect Afghan refugees and asylum seekers who continue to seek international protection with prolonged exposure to war.
and enduring stressful escape and transit experiences in which some were forced to live in refugee Brand RA, Dunn W, Spindler KP. How to write a systematic review. Clin. 1 Experiences of Being a Teenage Mother in the UK: A Report of a Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies March Elizabeth McDermott 1 Hilary Graham1 Val Hamilton2 1 Institute for Health Research 2 MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Lancaster University University of Glasgow.
it will be a systematic review paper on a preferred topic using a standard methodology such as Cochrane collaboration systematic review or the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRSMA) systematic review pdf, write systematic review article medical journal.Download