Although Singapore is a very attractive destination of FDI, it still has a few areas where improvements can be made in order to maximise economic growth, profits and strategic development.
The main issue is that the US Subprime Market is generating an extension of recessions in some economies and accelerating global recession in a way.
Vertical FDI is explained by the oligopoly theory of advantage.
A remuneration system of paying relatively high salaries to civil servants attracts a constant stream of talented individuals to work for the government.
And inGlaxoSmithKline GSK has developed a special relationship with the country, opening a number of ventures, with its investment in an antibiotics plant in the Tuas Biomedical Park. For this reason, petroleum companies tend to land invested in crude oil refineries as well as marketing out-lets.
Except for direct and portfolio investment, including international assistance and loans for original country. The theory states that the investing firm possesses relative monopolistic advantage abroad against the completive local firms.
Women were also encouraged to enter the workforce in a bid to boost the female labour force participation rate. In short, a synthesis of international trade and investment theories can better explain the complexities of international business and marketing behavior.
These impediments arise when: The Singapore dollar appreciation will also curb imported inflation. The firm enjoys monopolistic advantage on two counts: Singapore has adopted one of the most liberal immigration regimes in the world in order to expand its quantity as well as enhancing its quality.
In short, monopolistic advantage theory explains first course of investment of a business firm in a foreign country. Furthermore, a wide range of new incentives have been added over the years to promote FDI inflows.
Second, foreign participation is permitted in most sectors of the economy except for some limitations in the monetary sector, areas of trained and skilled personnel.
Host countries often try to channel FDI investment into new infrastructure and other projects to boost development.
The government does that by adopting a free enterprise, open door policy to attract foreign investors from all types of services sector involving finance, business, tourism, telecommunication and consultancy services. Once the product becomes standardised in its growth product phase, the firm may tend to invest abroad and export from there to retain its monopoly power.
The oligopoly theory thus, explains defensive investment behaviour of a multinational firm. In addition to the general absence of performance requirements, Singapore has also signed a large number of avoidance of double taxation agreements, which mutually protect countries for a specific time against war and non-commercial risks of expropriation and nationalization.
Structure of foreign investment in Russia  Direct investment: The domestic land transportation network is also well-developed and efficiently connects the airport and sea port to the business and financial districts. Taking steps to ensure that we remain the destination of choice for investors around the world will help us win that competition and bring prosperity to our people.
Product Life Cycle Model 4. In till present, Singapore is experiencing a slow down in the economy due to the US subprime crisis.
As a result numerous Australian political representatives have been investigated, Sam Dastyari  has resigned as a result.
Eclectic theory, propounded by Dunningis a wholictic, analytic approach for FDI and organisational issues of the MNCs relating to foreign production. From Ijaz Nabi and Manjula Luthria. The oligopolistic big firms tend to dominate in the global market on account of entry barriers such as:The FDI theories explain the reason why FDI occurs and the determinants of FDI.
The theories have traditionally emphasises market imperfection (Hymer, ; Kindlebeger, ) and firm specific advantages or ownership advantages derived from the ownership of intangible assets such as technologies, management skills, and organisational.
FDI is considered as an important factor that is positively associated with achievement of global strategic targets and market opportunities through multinational enterprises.
This chapter reviewed theories that attempt to explain the pattern of FDI between countries. This objective takes on added importance in light of the expanding volume of FDI in the world economy.
Foreign Direct Investment Theories And Motives Economics Essay. CHAPTER 2. Investing in foreign countries is risky business.
The unfamiliarity with rules and regulations, but also a different culture can cause problems in the interaction with the new country during the outflow of FDI.
This economic activity included foreign direct investment (FDI), joint ventures and strategic alliances, among other forms of internationalisation (Moore and Lewis, ). Several multinational corporations (MNEs) can also be identified in and the associated gains for all countries involved.
The Major Theories of FDI Explained Below: 1. Theory of Monopolistic Advantage.
2. Oligopoly Theory of Advantage.
3. Product Life Cycle Model. 4. Eclectic theory.Download