Drive reduction theory

Related Websites For more about Hull and his work, see: Stimuli and responses must be detected by the organism in order for conditioning to occur i. However, if the dominant response is incorrect, social presence produces an impaired performance.

Drive-Reduction Theory

In other words, Hull was interested in studying intervening variables that affected behavior such as initial drive, incentives, inhibitors, and prior training habit strength.

Triebtheorie or Trieblehre [1] refers to the theory of drives, motivations, or instincts, that have clear objects. Hull Drive Reduction Theory C. Research has shown that this condition affects learning.

Most of the research underlying the theory was done with animals, except for Hull et al. This makes sense because an organism will first learn to obtain food and water before it tries other more frivolous pursuits.

The girl exhibited a drive for the candy and looking under books represented her responses to reduce this drive.

In fact, many people will set aside physical needs, safety, and even positive regard from others in order to fulfill their highest-order needs. For example, money does not itself satisfy any biological or psychological need, but it reduces drive on a regular basis by a pay check.

With the obvious flaw in cognitive theory, it became clear that work motivation needs to incorporate both intrinsic and extrinsic sources of motivation.

She is sent out of the room and a new piece of candy is hidden under the same book.

Drive Reduction Theory

The relation of strength of stimulus to rapidity of habit-formation. Hull explained that In order to survive in its environment, an organism must behave in ways that meet these survival needs. By recognizing that your behavior reflects these many complex pieces, you can move on to developing your own unique path to change.

Deci and Ryan therefore revised their theory. When survival is in jeopardy, the organism is in a state of need when the biological requirements for survival are not being met so the organism behaves in a fashion to reduce that need.

By the ninth repetition of this experiment, the girl finds the candy immediately 2 seconds. Self-determination theory proposes that you can have a combination of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation driving your work-related and other behavior.In drive psychologist Clark Hull proposed a drive-reduction theory of learning.

In its simplest form, the theory claimed that no learning occurred unless a drive produced tension and impelled the organism into activity to procure a reward that would reduce the drive and satisfy its related physiological need. The theory states that. Reduction of the drive is a major cause of learning and behavior.

Although it was the dominant force in the world of psychology where theorists were trying to come up with ideas to explain behavior, it is largely ignored today. Drive reduction theory of motivation can be simply described as you don't want to be hungry, thirsty, in pain, or horny.

If your body wants something, that want is the drive. If. The drive reduction theory of motivation became popular during the s and s as a way to explain behavior, learning, and motivation.

The theory was created by behaviorist Clark Hull and further developed by his collaborator Kenneth Spence. This is what happens according to drive reduction theory. According to this theory, some physiological need (need for water) occurs that creates a state of tension (you feel thirsty) which in turn motivates you to reduce the tension or satisfy the need (drink water).

Drive Reduction Theory (C. Hull) Hull developed a version of behaviorism in which the stimulus (S) affects the organism (O) and the resulting response (R) depends upon characteristics of both O and S.

Drive reduction theory
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